- AutorIn
- Christian Seis
- Titel
- Scaling laws in two models for thermodynamically driven fluid flows
- Zitierfähige Url:
- https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:15-qucosa-81228
- Übersetzter Titel (DE)
- Skalierungsgesetze in zwei Modellen für thermodynamisch getriebene Fluidflüsse
- Datum der Einreichung
- 14.06.2011
- Datum der Verteidigung
- 14.12.2011
- Abstract (EN)
- In this thesis, we consider two models from physics, which are characterized by the interplay of thermodynamical and fluid mechanical phenomena: demixing (spinodal decomposition) and Rayleigh--Bénard convection. In both models, we investigate the dependencies of certain intrinsic quantities on the system parameters. The first model describes a thermodynamically driven demixing process of a binary viscous fluid. During the evolution, the two components of the mixture separate into two domains of the different equilibrium volume fractions. One observes a clear tendency: Larger domains grow at the expense of smaller ones, and thus, the average domain sizes increases --- a phenomenon called coarsening. It turns out that two mechanisms are relevant for the coarsening process. At an early stage of the evolution, material transport is essentially mediated by diffusion; at a later stage, when the typical domain size exceeds a certain value, due to the viscosity of the mixture, a fluid flow sets in and becomes the relevant transport mechanism. In both regimes, the growth rates of the typical domain size obey certain power laws. In this thesis, we rigorously establish one-sided bounds on these growth rates via a priori estimates. The second model, Rayleigh--Bénard convection, describes the behavior of a fluid between two rigid horizontal plates that is heated from below and cooled from above. There are two competing heat transfer mechanisms in the system: On the one hand, thermodynamics favors a state in which temperature variations are locally minimized. Thus, in our model, the thermodynamical equilibrium state is realized by a temperature with a linearly decreasing profile, corresponding to pure conduction. On the other hand, due to differences in the densities of hot and cold fluid parcels, buoyancy forces act on the fluid. This results in an upward motion of hot parcels and a downward motion of cold parcels. We study the dependence of the average upward heat flux, measured in the so-called Nusselt number, on the temperature forcing encoded by the container height. It turns out that the efficiency of the heat transport is independent of the height of the container, and thus, the Nusselt number is a constant function of height. Using a priori estimates, we prove an upper bound on the Nusselt number that displays this dependency --- up to logarithmic errors. Further investigations on the flow pattern in Rayleigh--Bénard convection show a clear separation of length scales: Along the horizontal top and bottom plates one observes thin boundary layers in which heat is essentially conducted, whereas the large bulk is characterized by a convective heat flow. We give first rigorous results in favor of linear temperature profiles in the boundary layers, which indicate that heat is indeed essentially conducted close to the boundaries.
- Freie Schlagwörter (DE)
- Rayleigh--Bénard Konvektion, Nusselt, Randschicht, Wärmetransport, Turbulenz, Entmischung, Cahn--Hilliard, Vergröberung
- Freie Schlagwörter (EN)
- Rayleigh--Bénard convection, Nusselt, boundary layer, heat transport, turbulence, demixing, Cahn--Hilliard, coarsening
- Klassifikation (DDC)
- 500
- GutachterIn
- Prof. Dr. Felix Otto
- Prof. Dr. Charles Doering

- BetreuerIn
- Prof. Dr. Felix Otto

- Den akademischen Grad verleihende / prüfende Institution
- Universität Leipzig, Leipzig
- URN Qucosa
- urn:nbn:de:bsz:15-qucosa-81228
- Veröffentlichungsdatum Qucosa
- 03.01.2012
- Dokumenttyp
- Dissertation
- Sprache des Dokumentes
- Englisch
- Inhaltsverzeichnis
1 Introduction 2 Coarsening rates in binary viscous fluids 2.1 Background from physics 2.2 Background from mathematics 2.3 The model 2.4 The gradient flow structure 2.5 Heuristics 2.6 Numerical simulations 2.7 Main results 2.8 Preliminaries 2.9 Proof of upper bounds on coarsening rates 2.10 Appendix: Well-posedness and regularity of solutions 3 Scaling of the Nusselt number 3.1 Background from physics 3.2 The model and the Nusselt number 3.3 Heuristics 3.4 Main results 3.5 Scaling law in the linear regime 3.6 Preliminaries and review 3.7 Upper bound using the background field method 3.8 Upper bound using the maximum principle 3.9 Appendix: Some elementary estimates 4 The laminar boundary layer 4.1 Background, model, and motivation 4.2 Main results 4.3 Preparation: Bounds on the velocity field 4.4 On the energy distribution 4.5 Bounds on the second order derivatives of the temperature field 4.6 Bounds on the third order derivatives of the temperature field